Forest restorationTechnique used to recover certain areas with forests and other types of native vegetation similar to those that were lost.
Techniques for preparing the soil, planting and managing native species so that certain areas that have been deforested or degraded are covered by forests and other types of flora similar to those that were lost. The priority areas for the restoration of native vegetation in rural and urban areas in Brazil are, among others, Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), important areas for conservation of biodiversity, as well as parcels in or around Nature Conservation Units (CUs). These spaces are essential for the maintenance or recovery of ecosystem services, such as water supply and climate regulation, and can benefit rural production with protection and renovation of soils and income generation. A study published in the journal Science pointed out that Brazil must restore 21 million hectares (ha) to comply with the New Forest Code, while official commitments made with the Paris Climate Agreement and the 20×20 Initiative aim to restore 12 million ha and 50 million ha, respectively, by 2030. Concurrently, studies by Embrapa recommend the recovery of at least 100 million ha of pastures so that agriculture becomes more sustainable in the country.
reforestation, native vegetation restoration